What is the genre of Emerson's "The American Scholar" ? What is his argument in the piece?

Read the Heath Anthology of American Literature ( you don’t need to find it online, I will provide the photos of book pages in the additional materials), and answer the question:

What is the genre of Emerson’s “The American Scholar” ? What is his argument in the piece? Who does he intend to influence? Why is it considered revolutionary? What has its influence been on literature?

Each response should build on the previous post( post by my classmate and I will provide it, too),but not repeat it. Answers should cite to the text rather than general knowledge!!