Identify key terms that you will use to search the literature, based on the PICO (T) elements.

All instructions as well as an example to follow and use as a reference is there within the rubric and the guidelines. References will be use in the material use and all reference should be within the last five years and in APA format only as well as in text citations

Purpose

The purpose of this assignment is to: a) formulate a PICO (T)-formatted clinical question, b) identify key terms for conducting a review of the literature, and c) search for relevant evidence in scholarly databases.

Course Outcomes

Through this assignment, the student will demonstrate the ability to:

(CO#3) Apply research principles to interpretation of the content of published research studies. (PO 9)

(CO#4) Analyze data from relevant sources, including technology, to inform the delivery of care. (PO 4)

(CO#5) Analyze the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) Essentials of Master’s Education in Nursing. (PO 1)

Total Points Possible: 140

REQUIREMENTS:

1. Select a health-related topic applicable to your practice setting and formulate a clinical question using the PICO (T) format.

2. Identify key terms that you will use to search the literature, based on the PICO (T) elements.

3. Search for information on your formulated clinical question in each of these three databases: PubMed, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and The Joanna Briggs Institute database.

4. Present the results of the searches in the tables provided in the “Evidence-Based Practice Searchable Clinical Questions Form” found in Doc Sharing. Although the worksheet is provided, you may need to add additional rows to the grid in order to accommodate your search results. Be sure to include all of your steps in the Notes column.

5. Submit the form to the Dropbox by the due date.

PREPARING THE PAPER

1. In Doc Sharing, you will find the ‘Week 5 Evidence-Based Practice Searchable Clinical Questions Form’. This is the form to be used to submit the assignment. No other paper is required for this assignment. Although this form is provided for this assignment, you may need to add additional rows to the grid to accommodate your search results.

2. Below, you will find an example of how to complete the form as you are doing each search

3. The notes section is to be completed in detail as each step of the search is undertaken. Be sure to include all of the steps you used.

4. An optimal range of 10-20 scholarly articles is to be achieved for each search. This may require performing a combination of Boolean terms in order to achieve the optimal range. If this is not possible, a detailed explanation is to be included in the notes section. Points will be deducted if you do not perform enough of a search to arrive at the optimal range.

Example: PubMed

Clinical Question: In patients with muscle spasms, is relaxation as good as anti-spasmodic medication in reducing the incidence of muscle spasms?*

The PICO (T) elements are:

P = patients with muscle spasms

I = anti-spasmodic medication

C= relaxation

O = reducing incidence of muscle spasms

Search Number P I C O T # of Results Notes

1 Patients with muscle spasms 9576 I searched on the P, “patients with muscle spasms” by typing it in the search field and clicking “Search”

2 antispasmodic 42261 I searched on the I, “antispasmodic” by typing it into the search field and clicking “Search.”

3 relaxation techniques 18003 I clicked “Clear” and typed “relaxation” in the search field. CINAHL suggested “relaxation techniques” so I chose to search on this.

4 muscle spasms 20693 I clicked “Clear” and typed “muscle spasms” in the search field and clicked “Search.”

5 Patients with muscle spasms antispasmodic Relaxation techniques 10 I clicked on “advanced search” and combined Search #1 with Search #2 and Search #3 using the Boolean operator “AND”. I clicked “Search.” The Results were 10 abstracts. This is within the optimal range of 10-20 returns so I stopped searching.

*This table reports the history of an actual search of this clinical question in PubMed

Category Points % Description

Content 25 18% Clinical research question is clearly written in PICO(T) format.

Content 25 18% PICO (T) search terms are clearly identified

Content 25 18% A completed search in PubMed/Medline is conducted, following guidelines in the tutorial

Content 25 18% A completed search in CINAHL is conducted, following guidelines in the tutorial

Content 25 18% A completed search in JOANNA BRIGGS is conducted, following guidelines in the instructions.

Format & Grammar 15 10% Grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are consistent with formal written work.

Total 140 100

A quality assignment will meet or exceed all of the above requirements.

GRADING RUBRIC

Assignment Criteria A

(100 – 92%)

Outstanding or highest level of performance B

(91-84%)

Very good or high level of performance C

(83-76%)

Competent or satisfactory level of performance F

(75-0%)

Poor or failing or unsatisfactory level of performance

Content

Possible Points = 125 Points

Clinical research question written in PICO (T) format. 25-23 Points 22-21 Points 20-19 Points 18-0 Points

Clinical question is clearly written in the PICO (T) format. Clinical question lacks occasional important element or specificity. Clinical question has several instances of inaccuracies and/or is vague. Clinical question has multiple instances of inaccuracies and/or is vague or is missing from paper.

Key search terms

25-23 Points 22-21 Points 20-19 Points 18-0 Points

Chooses appropriate key search terms for 4 (5) PICO (T) elements Chooses appropriate key search terms for ONLY 3 PICO (T) elements Chooses appropriate key search terms for ONLY 2 PICO (T) elements Does not choose appropriate search terms for PICO (T) elements.

Search in PubMed/ MEDLINE 25-23 Points 22-21 Points 20-19 Points 18-0 Points

Searches in PubMed, following guidelines in tutorial, and retrieves an appropriate number of journal articles. Searches in PubMed but only partially follows guidelines in tutorial; however, retrieves an appropriate number of scholarly articles. Searches in PubMed but only partially follows guidelines in tutorial and does not retrieve appropriate number of journal articles. Does not search in PubMed for MEDLINE (e.g., uses EBSCO to search MEDLINE, or notes on search are missing.

Search in EBSCO/ CINAHL 25-23 Points 22-21 Points 20-19 Points 18-0 Points

Searches in CINAHL, following guidelines in tutorial, and retrieves an appropriate number of journal articles. Searches in EBSCO/CINAHL but only partially follows guidelines in tutorial; however, retrieves an appropriate number of scholarly articles. Searches in EBSCO/CINAHL but only partially follows guidelines in tutorial and does not retrieve an appropriate number of journal articles. Does not search in EBSCO/CINAHL, or notes on search are missing.

Search in The Joanna Briggs Institute

25-23 Points 22-21 Points 20-19 Points 18-0 Points

Searches in The Joanna Briggs Institute database, following guidelines in the instructions, and retrieves an appropriate number of journal articles. Searches in The Joanna Briggs Institute database but only partially follows guidelines in the instructions; however, retrieves an appropriate number of scholarly articles. Searches in The Joanna Briggs Institute database but only partially follows guidelines in the instructions and does not retrieve an appropriate number of journal articles. Does not search in The Joanna Briggs Institute database or notes on search are missing.

Content Subtotal _____of 125 points

Format & Grammar

Possible Points = 15 Points

Rules of grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are consistent with formal written work. 15-14 Points 13 Points 12-11 Points 10-0 Points

Grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are consistent with formal written work with no exceptions Grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are consistent with formal written work, with 1-2 exceptions. Grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are consistent with formal written work, with 3-4 exceptions. Grammar, spelling, word usage, and punctuation are not followed, with 5 or more errors.

Format & Grammar Subtotal _____of 15 points

Total Points _____of 140 points